Domingo, 05 de Abril de 2020

Seminário de Investigação em História do Colonialismo — 3ª Sessão

Início: Fim: Países: Portugal


Terceira sessão do Seminário de Investigação em História do Colonialismo (Sécs. XIX-XX), dedicado à investigação do passado colonial e dos seus legados históricos, promovido no âmbito da Linha Temática “Colonialismo, Anti-Colonialismo e Pós-Colonialismo: Repensar Impérios e as suas Consequências” do Instituto de História Contemporânea (NOVA FCSH).


O Seminário de Investigação em História do Colonialismo (sécs. XIX-XX) pretende constituir-se como um espaço de discussão informal e aberto em que investigadores/as possam apresentar e debater as suas pesquisas (em curso ou já concluídas) sobre qualquer aspecto da história do colonialismo, descolonização e sociedades pós-coloniais nos séculos XIX e XX.

A primeira edição decorrerá entre Janeiro e Junho de 2020.

Cada sessão será constituída por uma apresentação (20 a 30 minutos) ou duas apresentações complementares (máx. 40 minutos no conjunto), seguindo-se uma troca de ideias sobre a temática abordada.


>> Programa do ciclo (PDF) <<


Programa da 3ª Sessão:

Yannick Lengkeek (University of St Andrews): Marching towards Independence. Global Perspectives on Scouting as a Platform for Anticolonial Nationalism

This presentation aims to explore the nexus between scouting and anticolonial discourses and practices within a global framework. Based on Benedict Anderson’s important observation that anticolonial nationalists usually presented their struggles as a form of intergenerational revolt and celebrated the idea of youth in a much more radical way than nationalists in nineteenth century Europe, I seek to explain the global proliferation of (militaristic) youth organisations among nationalist movements.
Taking a particularly close look at my own field of expertise, Indonesia, as well as the Hindutva movement in India and other case studies such as Egypt, the Middle East, and China, my presentation argues that we need to pay closer attention to the centrality of youth mobilization and activism in the context of anticolonial nationalism. Important elements in the genesis of anticolonial youth activism include, above all else, Robert Baden-Powell’s Boy Scout Movement and the organisations it inspired, such as the scout groups in Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany or the various pioneer movements in Soviet Russia and beyond.
In a first step, this presentation attempts to link hitherto insular historiographical debates and case studies on a variety of anticolonial youth organisations. Afterwards, my work will zoom in on two cases – Indonesia and India – to give the audience an idea of the types of sources historians can use to approach these organisations. Finally, I will conclude with a couple of general observations and hypotheses about the nature and scope of anticolonial youth organisations. Central issues that lie at the heart of this presentation include, but are not limited to, the following aspects:

– The centrality of youth in anticolonial ideology and practice
– Scouting as a role-model for engineering social change in Europe and its colonies, thus cutting across dichotomies such as ‘centre’ and ‘periphery’ and instead exploring the hype around youth mobilization and militarization as a global trend
– Continuities and long-term trends: why are militaristic scout organisations still a prominent characteristic of so many former colonies?
– Unexplored or neglected case studies, including the former Portuguese colonies in Asia and Africa

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